Friday, April 06, 2012
The Latest Passover News
Daniel Moshe Levy and Joseph Rothstein are two Israeli
archeologists who have devoted their careers to comparing
archeological evidence with Biblical accounts. They are serious guys.
Not everyone likes what they do.
They have a new book in which they claim that if one corrects for
the dating that traditionally was thought to identify the Pharaohs of
the Biblical account of the Exodus, then there is actually an amazing
amount of archeological evidence that is consistent with and supports
much of the Biblical account.
They claim that most historians assume that the Biblical accounts
are referring to the Pharaoh Ramses and his son, part of the 16th
dynasty, where a large statue of Ramses appears in the Egyptian town
of Memphis. The two Israeli archeologists believe the Biblical events
are actually associated with different Pharaohs, those who lived a
thousand years earlier. They base this claim in part on reports by
Herodotus about legends he had heard from Egyptian pagan priests.
These included the Pharaoh who dreamed of a pregnant woman whose
offspring would grab the reign away from him, after which he ordered
all male children drowned in the Nile. There are also some
archeological reports consistent with the plagues. A Russian-Jewish
scientist named Immanuel Velikovsky
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immanuel_Velikovsky) found an ancient
Egyptian papyrus report on the Nile turning to blood and the land
around it turning barren, accompanying by mass deaths. There was also
an Egyptian report, known as the Prophecy of Nacho, describing mass
drowning A different report tells of a genius in Egypt during the
seven years of famine, considered the wisest man in the country and
later worshipped as a demigod. This was during the second and third
dynasties. The archeologists claim that the Biblical word for what
the Hebrew slaves were building, Cities of Miskanut, is based on the
ancient root SKN, which referred to grave monuments, and so could
refer to the pyramids, constructed as massive tombs
Finally a tomb was discovered for a later Pharaoh, with an
inscription now in the Cairo Museum, reading, "I destroyed the
children of Israel and none of their seed remains." It was found on
a tomb of a Pharaoh who had drowned to death. There are not too many
places in Egypt where someone can drown.